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Visit of Professor Francesco Sciortino

from: Università La Sapienza - Rome 02/16/2015 - 14:00 - Room A51 - DCB

Liquidi ultrastabili e gel di equilibrio

Beside their technological applications, colloids have provided us with tunable model systems for exploring thermodynamic and kinetic phenomena of fundamental value. The hard-sphere crystallization, the glass transition, the range-controlled thermodynamic existence of the liquid state are beautiful examples of exploiting the "large atom" nature of colloids. In the last ten years, a significant effort has been put in the direction of providing valence to colloids, to move from colloidal atoms to colloidal molecules. A large amount of experimental, theoretical and numerical efforts has been devoted to the synthesis and to the investigation of these anisotropic colloids.

In the talk I will present some of the work developed in the recently completed ERC project PATCHYCOLLOIDS, focusing on the possibility of exploiting the possibility of controlling the interaction between colloidal particles to tackle fundamental issues in the molecular world. In particular I will discuss some recent experimental tests of the role of the valence in controlling the gas-liquid transition, the dynamics of formation of an equilibrium gel, the thermodynamic stability of the gel phase respect to crystallization. I will show that for patchy colloids with limited valence, conditions can be found for which the liquid phase is stable even in the zero-temperature limit. Limited valence colloids appear to be good candidates for providing insights in the dynamic arrest behavior of strong network forming liquids, like silica and silicon. Finally, if time allows me, I will present some very recent work where we elucidate, using colloidal models, the possibility of a liquid-liquid transition in water. 

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